The weather in the UK and Ireland in most parts is generally mild and pleasant. However, the climate varies from north to south and from west to east. For example, weather in north Scotland and the west coast of Ireland can be both windy and chilly even in Summer.
Overall, Metropolitan France enjoys a temperate climate. It rarely gets too cold or too hot, but there are significant differences between the seasons and the three main different climate zones. The western parts of France along the Atlantic, benefit from a mild oceanic climate with possible rainfall at all times of the year. The inland areas and eastern regions have a continental climate with warm summers and cold winters. Temperatures can quickly drop below 0 °C and are frequently accompanied by snow in the mountains. The south of France benefits from a sunnier Mediterranean climate, bringing mild and dry winters and hot summers.
The Netherlands has a mainly temperate climate, with cool to mild summers and cold winters. The country has an extremely low elevation and a mostly flat topography. Only 50% of the land exceeds an elevation of 1 meter above sea level, while 17% lies below sea level. The climate is uniform across the country, but slightly continental in the interior.
In Winter (November - March) you may have some very cold weather but for the most part, you will have average temperatures between 6 and 11 degrees centigrade. In the Summer months (May - September) the average temperatures are between 20 and 23 degrees centigrade but on occasion, it can be up to 30-32 degrees centigrade.
The Swiss climate is moderately continental in the plateau, Alpine in the mountains, and more temperate in the Canton of Ticino. The climate has no excessive heat, cold or humidity. From July to August the daytime temperature range is 18 to 28 °C (65° - 82° F) and from January to February the range is -2 to 7 °C (28° - 45° F). In spring and autumn, the daytime temperature range is 8 to 15 °C (46° - 59° F).
The country of Italy has a mostly Mediterranean climate characterized by hot, dry summers and cold, rainy winters. But at nearly 1,200 kilometers (736 miles) in length north to south, Italy also has a variety of sub- and micro-climates where seasonal weather can differ greatly from national norms.